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Professor Risley and the Imperial Japanese Troupe

Professor Risley and the Imperial Japanese Troupe

How an American Acrobat Introduced Circus to Japan--and Japan to the West

Frederik L. Schodt


The unlikely history of early cross-cultural encounters between the West and Japan...

"Professor" Risley (Richard Risley Carlisle) introduced the Western circus to Japan in 1864. Three years later, this former acrobat gave many in the West their first glimpse of Japan when he took his "Imperial Japanese Troupe" of acrobats and jugglers on a triumphant tour of North America and Europe. Over the next few years, the Troupe performed before presidents, monarchs, and ordinary citizens.

Frederik L. Schodt argues compellingly that such early popular entertainments helped stir a curiosity about all things Japanese that eventually led to japonisme, The Mikado, and, in our time, the boom in manga and anime. Schodt's depiction of Risley and his troupe is enlivened by portraits of the circus demimonde and supported by nineteenth-century photographs, posters, and drawings, many in color.

His accounts of these first meetings between Westerners and Japanese shed new light on how different cultures meet, mingle, and influence each other. Descriptions of crowds, dazzling routines, and superstar troupe performers like the famous Little All Right are a delightful revelation to anyone interested in Asia, the circus, and popular entertainment.

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6 x 9"




"There is not a single circus history book that doesn't mention Richard Risley Carlisle. He was a major figure of nineteenth-century circus, whose name eventually came to describe, in the English language, the act that made him famous: the risley act. Yet, little is known of his life, which is shrouded in mystery, whispers, and innuendoes. . . .Frederik L. Schodt has at long last unveiled the fascinating story of 'Professor Risley.' Circus scholars, history buffs, and anyone with an ounce of curiosity should be grateful to him."

Dominique Jando, Editor/Curator,, co-author of The Circus Book (Taschen)

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About the Author(s)

Frederik L. Schodt

Frederik L. Schodt

Fluent in spoken and written Japanese, is an author and translator of impressive breadth. He has written extensively on Japanese manga, as well as on pop culture, technology, and history. 

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